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:: Volume 1, Issue 1 (Caspian J Soc Med 2015) ::
Caspian J Soc Med 2015, 1(1): 24-30 Back to browse issues page
Which food groups and macronutrients are more associated with central obesity in Iranian children?
Parvin Sajjadi , Hoda Enayatzadeh , Reza Ghadimi
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran , rezaghadimi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1041 Views)

Background: Better understanding of the macronutrients consumption and relationships between food group and total and central body fat among children is necessary for the effective prevention and management of obesity in youth. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate macronutrients and food group intake and the associations between the portion size of food groups and anthropometric indices including waist circumference (WC) and body fat percentage (BF%) among schoolchildren in Babol, North of Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 205 boys and girls aged 7-11 from the urban and rural areas of Babol. The data on food consisted of a 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaire obtained via interviewing the children and their mothers. Waist circumference and body fat was measured based on the standard protocols. Dietary analysis and other data analysis were performed using the Nutritionist IV and SPSS -18.

Results: The top sources of energy for schoolchildren were carbohydrate and fat with about 63% and 23% of total energy, respectively. In contrast to boys, girls who consumed more cereals, meat and dairies met the lower central and total adiposity. Besides, the low consumption of vegetables and dairy products and the high intake of cereals and oils was found in both genders.

Conclusion: Recommenced food groups intake should be highlighted to promote the importance of age appropriate portion sizes and frequency of eating and provide guidance for the students and parents increase nutritional knowledge, healthy balanced diet for growth and development, healthy lifestyle and diseases prevention. 

Keywords: Macronutrients, Food groups, Waist circumference, Body fat, Schoolchildren.
Full-Text [PDF 207 kb]   (397 Downloads)    
Type of Study: original article | Subject: Social
Received: 2015/12/6 | Accepted: 2016/02/8 | Published: 2016/02/9
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sajjadi P, Enayatzadeh H, Ghadimi R. Which food groups and macronutrients are more associated with central obesity in Iranian children?. Caspian J Soc Med. 2015; 1 (1) :24-30
URL: http://cjsm.mubabol.ac.ir/article-1-31-en.html

Volume 1, Issue 1 (Caspian J Soc Med 2015) Back to browse issues page
Caspian Journal of Social Medicine
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